Lunes, septiembre 26 de 2011

Adriana López, puente entre la teoría y la práctica

La arquitecta y urbanista de 27 años de edad, Adriana Patricia López Valencia fue la ganadora en el año 2010 del Concurso Internacional de Talentos Verde, financiado por el Ministerio Federal Alemán de Educación e Investigación (BMBF) y el apoyo de la Universidad de las Naciones Unidas (UNU) en Bonn. Adriana López es graduada en Arquitectura de la Universidad del Valle de Colombia y tiene una maestría en Urbanismo de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia. En diciembre de 2011, Adriana iniciará una estancia de investigación de seis meses en UNU Bonn.

Transcribimos la entrevista (en inglés) que le hiciera la Universidad de las Naciones Unidas, la cual también puede verse en el enlace

Adriana López, Colombia: Bridge theory and practice

Why did you choose to become a scientist?

Academic life offers a variety of experiences and at the same time provides incentives for self-improvement. It is a lifestyle that involves interaction with people around the world through research networks. I enjoy being part of this fascinating world, interacting with other cultures and learning from every person I know. I also enjoy the freedom of developing my own research and following my interests.

Where does your interest in urban planning originate?

I got interested in urban planning while I was studying architecture. I had the opportunity to work with different interdisciplinary teams that contributed to the formation of a new way of looking at territorial problems. We thought of ways to make a territory sustainable through the integration of social, economic, environmental and political aspects. As an architect and urbanist, I could also see the spatial implications of the four aspects I mentioned.

Where does your interest in sustainable development come from?

I started working in the field of sustainable development during my undergraduate studies in architecture. It was then that I realized the importance of having a more complex vision of urban problems.

How would you define sustainable development in your own words?

Sustainability is when my actions do not end where those of others start. We must think cyclically in the daily development processes that allow us to meet our needs and develop a distinct culture in which every element is designed to serve and last.

What are the biggest sustainability changes of our time?

The biggest challenge of our time is to understand what is truly sustainable. We need to ensure that all inhabitants of a town and a country understand that they are linked in a network or a system. In such a system, due to their linking habits and daily activities, they either contribute to or hinder the lives of other parts of the system.

What are the biggest challenges that science can help solve in Colombia?

Science, and I mean not only natural but also social sciences, can help solve the foremost problem of my country: poverty. Some of the important steps are the establishment of the mechanisms of community participation in economic processes, involving local production, planning and land management guided by the carrying capacity of the territory, and the generation of innovative knowledge.

What do you think should be the role of scientists today?

Apply knowledge. We must both advance the construction of knowledge and use it for practical purposes. It can be done in simulation models applied to real cases, in cooperation with local governments applying regional development policies. Inter-sectoral and interdisciplinary cooperation is essential to achieving sustainability.

Do you feel that scientific results are taken properly into account by decision makers?

Not entirely. I believe that decision makers need to be better informed about issues. In addition, I am not sure whether this is universally true but it is common in Latin American countries that vested interests take precedence over common interests, which has a direct effect on investment flows.

What needs to be done?

Scientists and researchers from all areas should get more in touch with the political world. They should get involved in decision-making processes through national legal mechanisms and take positions on the issues that concern us all as a community.

What motivated you to participate in the Green Talents competition?

The Green Talents competition offers young researchers from around the world the opportunity to learn more about Germany and its opportunities to strengthen international research links. As part of a research group in my country, I became attracted by the opportunity of a research internship at a German university or research centre, possibly initiating relations between German institutions and my research group in Colombia. I have been accepted for a research stay at the United Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS) in Bonn.